US-VISIT (United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology) was a program implemented in year 2003 that fingerprints and photographs non-immigrants at the US border and that helped immigration officials to remove document fraud done by immigrants.
From 2003 to till date, US-VISIT took the information from non-immigrant visa holders like H1-B, B1, F1 visa types. But from January 18 2009 – DHS (Department Of Homeland Security) is making it mandatory for even permanent residents (or Green Card holders) to be fingerprinted and photographed at the border. Persons paroled into the US meaning I485 applicants like ones holding Advance Paroles have to submit fingerprints. Privacy groups are raising concerns with the whole technology right from its inception in 2003.
Here is DHS News release – Expansion of US-VISIT to other non-US citizens categories-
Additional non‑U.S. citizens required to provide biometrics are:
* Lawful permanent residents of the United States (LPRs);
* Persons entering the United States who seek admission on immigrant visas;
* Persons entering the United States who seek admission as refugees and asylees;
* Canadian citizens who are currently required to obtain a Form I-94, Arrival / Departure Document upon entry or require a waiver of inadmissibility to enter the United States (This excludes most Canadian citizens entering the United States for purposes of shopping, visiting friends and family, vacation or short business trips);
* Persons paroled into the United States; and
* Persons applying for admission under the Guam Visa Waiver Program.